This book offers a global presentation of issues under study for improving science education research in the context of the knowledge-based society at a European and international level.
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It includes discussions of several theoretical approaches, research overviews, research methodologies, and the teaching and learning of science. Passar bra ihop. Teaching and Learning in the Science Laboratory Dimitris Psillos, Hans Niedderer This book aims to improve the design and organization of innovative laboratory practices and to provide tools and exemplary results for the evaluation of their effectiveness, adequate for labwork in order to promote students' scientific understand Iterative Design of Teaching-Learning Sequences Dimitris Psillos, Petros Kariotoglou This book addresses a very important aspect of science education and science education research respectively: The research-based development of Teaching Learning Sequences.
This book aims to improve the design and organization of innovative laboratory practices and to provide tools and exemplary results for the evaluation of their effectiveness, adequate for labwork in order to promote students' scientific understand This book addresses a very important aspect of science education and science education research respectively: The research-based development of Teaching Learning Sequences. The authors elaborate on important theoretical issues as well as aspects o A gendered perspective. LOCS exercise solving: What do college science students prefer?.
The Pakistan-U. These areas are discussed at least quarterly; past funded subject areas have included education, health, nutrition, water, sanitation, agriculture, food security, the environment, and energy.
Focus areas may also be updated to include new topics of shared interest, allowing the program to be responsive to unique opportunities and challenges. For instance, a request for proposals RFP was issued in for earthquake-related research after the Kashmir earthquake. When research grant funds become available, the U.
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National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine issues a new RFP after consultations with program sponsors from both countries. Once the bilateral research teams submit jointly authored proposals, the second stage entails compliance checks to ensure appropriate human subject protections and environmental impact assessments are conducted.
Society for the Advancement of Biology Education Research (SABER) | CBE—Life Sciences Education
Complete proposals are evaluated through rigorous scientific peer review occurring in each country concurrently. Proposals are judged on scientific and technical merit, cost-effectiveness, and the capabilities of participating institutions and researchers to successfully complete the project. In addition, the nature and quality of the collaboration, including demonstrated commitment to women and minority participation, are considered during the evaluation process.
In the third stage, a bilateral committee formed by members of the sponsoring organizations convenes in person to make final funding decisions. The joint committee meeting ensures that awards address additional bilateral criteria, such as geographical distribution, institution representation, investigator career stage, and student involvement, among other factors.
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While the program design may be labor-intensive, its success lies precisely in the highly collaborative and rigorous multistage review system. This transparency enhances bilateral trust and confidence at all levels, from the scientific community to government stakeholders.
Science Education Research in the Knowledge-Based Society
These critical elements ensure successful and sustained government and academic research cooperation, and have contributed to the continuing success of the program even in the face of diplomatic challenges. In September , a truck filled with explosives detonated at the Marriott Hotel in Islamabad, leaving 54 people dead and injured.
Only three weeks before the bombing, in August, the Pakistan-U. After the bombing, which affected the perceived safety of foreign visitors to Pakistan, U. Visits by American researchers also decreased but did not halt completely, as many remained committed to continuing their research projects and visiting their Pakistani partners. For Pakistani researchers, the lengthy and time-consuming U. Despite these challenges, neither side was easily deterred, and their collaborations continued.
Members of the Pakistani diaspora in the United States were particularly helpful in maintaining and reinforcing professional ties to Pakistan; such relationships underscore the role of diaspora members as de facto science diplomats. Transparency enhances bilateral trust and confidence at all levels, from the scientific community to government stakeholders. However, a string of incidents in increased bilateral tensions and questions by the public in both countries regarding future diplomatic relations. A string of incidents left little space to highlight the successes of a scientific cooperation program.
During these difficult years, U. Over a series of small counterpart meetings in Istanbul and and Washington, D. In the end, although scientific cooperation was temporarily marginalized, the research successes and value of cooperation were difficult to ignore, and government sponsors understood that many years of scientific exchange were of great benefit to both countries. Since , the program has advanced mutual scientific and research outcomes, established bonds between the academic communities, and built lasting STE capacity in Pakistan. The impact has been staggering.
These multiyear awards have greatly strengthened people-to-people ties, with more than ten thousand Pakistanis receiving training through workshops, seminars, courses, undergraduate and graduate degree programs, and traditional research apprenticeships in both countries. At the same time, — funding provided an opportunity to hundreds of U. STEM workforce. Researchers and collaborators funded through grants during the first five phases of the program produced six patents and prototypes, publications in peer-reviewed journals, and presentations in relevant scientific fora.
The results are assisting Pakistani highway authorities and relevant industries in training Pakistani personnel to optimize pavement performance in a cost-effective manner. The significance of this project lies in the fact that these trucks are essential to move large volumes of goods around the country.